Friday, November 20, 2020

THE REAL BOOK SPY'S NOVEMBER 2020 RECOMMENDATION IS...

by The Real Book Spy

Janet Evanovich truly is an American treasure.

One of the most recognizable and best-selling authors alive today, Evanovich just released Fortune and Glory, the twenty-seventh book in her Stephanie Plum series. Billed as not only “the biggest case in Plum’s career,” but also, “the adventure of a lifetime,” Stephanie’s return couldn’t have come a moment too soon.

In a year where most are struggling, it’s crazy to think that fictional characters can cast such a sunny outlook in an otherwise bleak forecast, but they do. And for Evanovich’s legion of followers, this one will really help brighten their day.

Grandma Mazur just got married, and less than twenty-four hours later she’s already a widow. Having lost her new husband unexpectedly on their wedding night, Mazur ropes in Stephanie when she claims to have been left the keys to a “life-changing” fortune. But there’s a catch . . .

They have to find it.

As Stephanie and Grandma Mazur go on the hunt, it doesn’t take long for them (or readers) to find out that they aren’t the only one after the treasure. So too are at least two major enemies, and Gabriela Rose, a new foe who will test Plum in ways few have dared to try before her. 

A total scene-stealer, Rose brings terrific balance to the cast. In many ways, she’s almost like that person you love to hate because they’re almost so perfect that it’s borderline nauseating. (Be honest, we all know someone like that.) She’s great at everything, plus she’s absolutely gorgeous. She’s also incredibly smart, insanely driven, fierce, and for the first time, Stephanie realizes that she just might have found someone who can match her step for step. 

The mix of longtime adversaries and new ones creates an electric dynamic, and while readers might think they know how this one will play out, Evanovich proves she still has a few tricks of her sleeves.

To find out more, check out Night of a Thousand Authors, an event like no other before it, hosted by me and one of the Rogues. K.J Howe served as my partner in crime for this eight-hour livestream, and together (with some help from the guys at The Crew Reviews) we interviewed more than 50 authors. The night kicked off with Janet Evanovich, who dished on her new book, among other things, setting the tone for a fun, eventful night that I’ll never forget. 

We love The Real Book Spy and Night of a Thousand Authors! Readers, which Janet Evanovich book is your favorite? 

Wednesday, November 18, 2020

HOW TO WRITE A THRILLER IN 8 EASY STEPS

by Jenny Milchman

OK, maybe not so easy. But I realized that we find so many amazing thriller and suspense titles on Rogue Women Writers—from a handful of just the most recent posts there are books by Wolf Bahren, Kate Flora, Barbara Ross, Richard Cass, Lisa Jewell, Gerry Boyle, and James Swallow—that it raises a question.

How do all these exciting, thrilling books come to be?

Using the lens of my own eleven-year, rejection filled writing journey (that’s me, surrounded by actual snail mail no’s), I thought I’d share some tips, strategies, and ideas from the long road between sitting down to write a book and seeing it on shelves or web pages. Hopefully emerging writers out there will learn something—or at least find a little fuel for their travels and travails—while thriller fans will gain insight into some of the behind-the-scenes action in the exciting world of their favorite books.

1. Where do writers get ideas? Every author has been asked this. The answers are as varied as the writers themselves. Inspiration can arise from a news story, a personal memory, or a what-would-happen-if scenario. For thrillers in particular, I like the approach of taking a normal, everyday situation, then twisting the knob until something goes horribly wrong. You’re standing in line at the supermarket and the person in front of you suddenly takes the clerk hostage. You’re picking your kid up at school—but all the doors are locked. For my first (never published) suspense novel, I was working as a psychologist-in-training when I got assigned the very scary case of a child who killed. I didn’t need to turn that one up to 11—it was already there!

2. How do writers start writing? One very basic dividing line between writers is whether you’re a Plotter (you plot out your story in advance, usually with an outline) or a Pantser (you write by the seat of your pants, letting the story winds carry you where they may). Of course, this division exists on a continuum; some may do a little bit of each while others may adhere far to either side. Outlines can range too. The great Jeffrey Deaver writes outlines as long as 100 pages or more—a good part of a book! Others like a scaffolding approach, such as the one Robert McKee describes in Story, where five high points form the skeleton of a story-to-be.

3. Ways to get the darn thing done. Some writers like to set word count goals—anywhere from a few hundred to several thousand per day. (Readers, that amounts to anywhere from one page to as many as ten or more). Other writers build their schedule around time—they write for anywhere from one hour to eight (five seems to be a sweet spot among authors; after that the creative bones start to sag). Writers who have a day job or young children must fit the writing in among other demands. But basically, when trying to finish a book, one or both of these approaches will not fail you. A) Sheer inspiration—you’re so excited to see what happens next, you just can’t wait to write. You wind up surprised each day and your readers will too! B) BIC, which stands for Butt in Chair. One page per day gives you a finished book in a year. Get going!

4. Wait, but what do I do when I finish? Well, first take a page from Paul Sheldon in Stephen King’s Misery and come up with your own personal writerly celebration. If cigarettes and champagne don’t do ya, go for a night out, a walk, a swim, buy a box of doughnuts—could be anything, but make sure you signify this great accomplishment. Moments both small and large make us into, and make up our lives as, writers. Then…put the book in a drawer for at least two weeks, longer if you can stand it. Spoiler alert: I did not do either of these things, and I regret it.

5.  K, on it, what now? The single biggest mistake I would say I’ve made as a writer is not to realize the value of revision. I always have to be dragged into it kicking and screaming. “But isn’t it good enooooough?” I moan. Well, no, it usually isn’t. It can almost always get better—stakes punched up; surprises more original versus the first ones we think of; characters carved deeper; that nice thriller arc forming a spike. Even before my agent or editor, I have learned to seek out trusty readers. If you are looking for some, in addition to the usual ideas, such as joining a writers group or relying on tough-but-honest friends and family, I recommend asking a book club to take your draft on as one of their selections. Book club members are close, insightful readers. You will learn which characters are loved and hated (hopefully the ones you intend to be!), whether your plot points are exciting or ho hum, and other elements of what makes a great read.  

6.  To be or not to be published traditionally. Most books in the thriller genre come from Big 5 publishers and three other established independents. There’s also a new(ish) way to publish in town and it’s called self-publishing. Deciding which path is right is one of the biggest decisions an emerging writer will make. I believe that this choice should be based on personality factors and a writer’s current situation versus one way being better than the other. For instance, how much control do you like to have? Are you on a tight timeline either because of events in your life, age, or something else? Answers to these and other questions will point you on your way.

7.  Traditional. I definitely want to be published traditionally. OK, great, then you need an agent. Which means you need a targeted agent list—peruse the acknowledgments in thrillers like the ones you find right here and on each monthly Rogue Reads lineup, in which writers often thank their agents; follow agents online—and a bang-up query letter. Write a pitch paragraph that reads a lot like the flap copy on a great thriller, and put it front and center in your query. Hook an agent like you’ll one day hook readers. I used this approach for my own querying and wound up with multiple offers of representation.

8.  My book just sold! OK, celebration time again. And then take a deep breath. Because as in the best thrillers, just when you think you’ve come to a plateau, gotten a little breathing room—there’s going to be a twist and yet more challenges ahead. But that’s okay. To paraphrase George Clooney in that greatest of thriller films, The Perfect Storm, you’re a gosh-darned thriller writer (or reader). Is there anything better in the world?

Readers, have you ever considered writing a thriller? Or, if you already have, which of these 8 tips can you vouch for?

Saturday, November 14, 2020

ROGUE FLASH: THE FIRST SHOT, prequel to THE LAST MRS. PARISH

THE FIRST SHOT, a prequel to the best seller and Reese Witherspoon Book Club pick THE LAST MRS. PARRISH, is out today on Audible! 


Liv Constantine has done it again! In this gripping prequel listeners will discover exactly how Amber Patterson transformed from small-town girl to master manipulator - after all, practice makes perfect.

Amber Patterson has many secrets. This much is clear when she sneaks out of her home in the dead of night and hitchhikes across state lines to meet up with a man she hasn’t seen or spoken to since high school graduation. So begins her desperate attempt to leave her old life behind, and she’ll use everything and everyone at her disposal, from social media stalking to the kindness of unsuspecting strangers, to get where she needs to go. It’s not long before she’s ready for the main event: armed with a new identity and a new purpose, she heads to Gunnison, Colorado, preparing herself to meet her future husband among the wealthy vacationers. 

Even the smallest misstep could derail this carefully-laid plan, and in the end, can you even truly outrun your past? The First Shot is an absorbing, binge-able thriller that shows just how far some will go to build the lives they want.


And, it's free to download for Audible members! 

Congratulations, Liv Constantine, on another captivating story. Readers, don't forget to start listening to THE FIRST SHOT today!

Friday, November 13, 2020

WRITERS AND THEIR PETS: warning-- over-adorable photos below

by Liv Constantine

We reached out to six authors and asked them to send us a photo of their pet(s) and to tell us a little about what they love about them. And just for a little framework, we did some research on why having a pet is so very good for us.

The American Heart Association has associated pet ownership with reduced heart disease risk factors and greater longevity, whether it be a dog or cat. The stereotype that dogs are more affectionate than cats seems to be just that: a stereotype. In fact one study found that over a 10-year period cat owners were 30% less likely to die of a heart attack or stroke than non-cat owners.

Dr. Ann Berger, a physician and researcher at the NIH Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland says of pets: “Their attention is focused on the person all the time.” Berger works with people who have cancer and terminal illnesses, teaching them about mindfulness to help decrease stress and manage pain.

“The foundations of mindfulness include attention, intention, compassion, and awareness,” Berger says. “All of those things are things that animals bring to the table. People kind of have to learn it. Animals do this innately.”

Another study had children with autism spectrum disorder play with guinea pigs in the classroom, reporting that their anxiety levels dropped and suggesting that the unconditional acceptance offered by the animals was a comfort to the children.

And let’s face it, animals are adorable. They shower us with unconditional love, affection and loyalty. There are no other relationships in our lives where we are met with such adoration and acceptance. Not to mention the fun and playfulness they bring to our lives.

These terrific authors tell us what they love about their cherished pets:

Karin Slaughter, Dexter, and Maggie

“Maggie knows that this house is really hers and I’m just here visiting. And Dexter (the black cat) is a stone cold killer.”



Lisa Unger and Jak Jak

“Jak Jak is my eight-year-old Australian Labradoodle. He is a ham who tries to get into every Zoom appearance, a clown who makes me laugh every day, and my faithful writing buddy, always right by my side. Dogs, like kids, keep you grounded and centered. No matter what is going on in your life or your work, whether you’re having the best day or the worst day, you still have to throw the ball!”


Kimberly Belle and Tarzan

“Sometimes I wonder if Tarzan (a Maltipoo) was a cat in his past life. He can be aloof, and he's finicky, and he likes to sit in windowsills and watch the cars go by. And then he does something like this, hangs his head out the car window so his ears can flap in the breeze, and he’s 100% dog—the sweetest little thing with a king-sized personality.”


Kaira Rouda with Tucker (grey) and Frankie (white)

“Tucker and Frankie are my writing buddies, waiting patiently for me to take a break so we can play. The greatest thing about these two is that they’re best friends, have each other’s backs and always remind me that unconditional love is the best feeling.”



Heather Gudenkauf and Lolo

“Look at this sweet face! Lolo came into my family's life just when we need her most. She is my hiking, reading, binge-watching and snuggling in front of the fireplace sidekick.”


Wendy Walker and Coco

“The best thing about Coco is that he’s very affectionate and only barks when someone is coming up to the house. He loves walking anywhere and everyone he meets says he’s the sweetest dog he’s ever met.”


And lastly the Rogue dogs­­…

Valerie’s King Charles Cavalier Zorba

“Is this just the most precious face ever? Zorba is a little fur ball of love, happiness, sweetness and adorability. He’s my best bud, loves our walks together, follows me wherever I go, and is a great cuddler. Those soulful eyes get me every time! Total. Unconditional. Love.”


Lynne Constantine’s Greyson and Parker

“When I walk in the front door, whether I’ve been gone five minutes or five hours, Greyson (charcoal lab) and Parker (English cream golden retriever) are ecstatic to see me. Their adorable faces greet me as their tails go a mile a minute and they make me feel like I’m the most important person in the world. Every morning when I walk up the stairs to go to my office- they are there, waiting.”


“They are also great listeners and cheer me on during my writing. And as you can see, they’re both very involved in the editing process.”


Readers, tell us a little something about your pets and what they add to your life!

Tuesday, November 10, 2020

MYSTERY MINUTE GOES ROGUE

by ZJ Czupor

THE ART OF THE RED HERRING

“Four little Indian boys going out to sea; 
a red herring swallowed one and then there were three.”

The above is the seventh stanza from a longer American nursery rhyme, “Ten Little Indians,” (1869). The entire rhyme is written as the epigraph to Agatha Christie’s novel, And Then There Were None (1921), which foreshadows her story where strangers arrive on an isolated island off the Devon coast of England and die—one by one—as justice for their past crimes. 

If you follow the original poem, Christie gives away all the clues you need to predict the crimes. The “red herring” in the seventh stanza suggests trickery in the murder mystery.

Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa Christie (1890-1976) is famous for writing eighty-three books, fourteen short story collections, poetry and plays. She said And Then There was None was the most difficult book to write for it concerns characters who die either from choking, poisoning, bludgeoning, chopping, more poisoning, shooting, a bee sting, drowning, hit in the head by a bear statue, another shooting, and finally a hanging. 

According to the story line, the guests never knew their murderer and that has become the basis of many Hollywood films, although it is now somewhat of a cliché for modern audiences. But Christie was the first to do it. The New York Times called it "the most baffling mystery Agatha Christie has ever written."

Red Herrings are a popular literary device in mysteries often used to throw off readers with a misleading clue and false conclusions. It also prolongs the mystery and suspense of the story’s heart. 

Amy’s diary in the novel, Gone Girl, by Gillian Flynn (Crown Publishing Group, 2012), is a recent example of a successful red herring in which every single step of the story leads us down a wrong path, but also helps the reader to understand Amy's character. 

Mystery writer Tana French is also a modern master of the red herring. She says as she writes she thinks about what clues would cause the most interesting series of reactions in her detective, rather than how various clues would fit into the solution of the crime. 

Lila Shapiro, writing about French’s red herrings says, "They are not just shiny lures but windows into her protagonists’ deepest fears and flaws." (Vulture, 10/3/2018).

French explained, "If you’re going to have a red herring in there, it had better be good enough that the audience can either be fooled by it or can see why your narrator will be fooled by it. You have to respect the audience’s intelligence."

Other novelists who have successfully used red herrings include Charles Dickens (Great Expectations); Sir Arthur Conon Doyle (The Final Problem and Hound of the Baskervilles); Dan Brown (The Da Vinci Code); Tana French (The Witch Elm); Attica Locke (The Cutting Season); C.J. Tudor (The Chalk Man); and Adrian McKinty (The Chain), among many others.

How the term, “red herring” first appeared is open to debate. The first-known usage was in a 13th century poem in a line which reads, “He etep no ffyssh but heryng red.” Here the poet was referring to a heavily smoked kipper fish. Another idea is that the term referred to hunters who used a pickled herring (a very pungent fish with reddish meat) to distract their hounds during fox hunts. The herring was used to train the dogs to ignore the powerful scent and to follow the original scent of the fox. 

Christie’s novel first appeared in the UK in 1939 (Collins Crime Club) under a different title, which I won’t repeat here. For in today’s sensitive climate the title would be considered a racially loaded ethnic slur. But I will say her title was based on a minstrel song. 

Even in 1939, the original title was considered too offensive for American publication. The U.S. edition appeared in 1940 with the title changed to And Then There Were None. And in further capitulation to modern culture, a website page, devoted to And Then There Were None, has changed the nursery rhyme from “Indian” to “soldier boy.” 

Christie's novel is considered one of the world’s best-selling mysteries, with more than 100 million copies sold in more than fifty languages. It's also one of the “best-selling crime novels of all time," and following a global vote to mark Christie's 125th anniversary, was named the "World's Favorite Christie." (September 2015).

The novel spawned ten film adaptations, three stage versions, and several variations on the theme for television. The story also has inspired several video games, a graphic novel, and a board game—and even an episode on the animated TV series, Family Guy, titled, “And Then There Were Fewer” (2010).

Christie included red herrings in most of her mysteries. She said she wrote her books up to the last chapter, then decided who the most unlikely suspect was, after which she would go back and make the necessary changes to "frame" that person. (Desert Island Discs, 2007).

Her first novel, The Mysterious Affair at Styles, (The Bodley Head, 1920) was created after her sister Madge bet her she couldn't write a good detective story. The story introduces detective Hercule Poirot, who would appear in thirty-three of her novels and more than fifty short stories. Her manuscript was rejected six times before UK's The Bodley Head (also known as John Lane) published it. Incidentally, Poirot is the first fictional detective to have his obituary printed on the front page of The New York Times (Aug. 6, 1975). The obit ran after Christie killed the character in her 1975 novel, Curtain (Collins Crime Club).

What's curious is that Christie wrote Curtain thirty years earlier and locked it in a bank vault. She later approved its publication. The novel thus became her last to be published in her lifetime.

In addition to her mysteries, Christie enjoyed writing stage plays. She holds the record for the world's longest-running play, The Mousetrap, which was performed in London's West End theater district (1952-2020). It only closed because of the coronavirus pandemic. She had low expectations believing it would not run more than eight months. The famous play began as a radio sketch called "Three Blind Mice" for Queen Mary's 80th birthday celebration. 

Other plays she penned were also successful making her the first female playwright to have three plays running simultaneously in West End. The other two were: Witness for the Prosecution and Spider's Web.

She also wrote six successful romance novels under the pen name, Mary Westmacott. 

Christie was a prolific writer and the recipient of numerous prestigious awards. In 1955, she was named the first Grand Master from Mystery Writers of America. Guinness World Records claims Christie is the best-selling fiction writer of all time, having sold more than two billion copies, bettered only by Shakespeare and the Bible.

Thank you, ZJ Czupor! Readers, do you have a favorite tale written by Agatha Christie?

Friday, November 6, 2020

ROGUE WOMEN OCTOBER ROUNDUP!


Here's what we Rogues talked about, researched, and revealed in October...

"It's a cruel world out there and unfair things happen in it." In "When Women Meet Monsters", Jenny Milchman serves up her favorite kind of justice.

Helen Worrell Clarkson McCloy would have made a great Rogue. Z. J. Czupor tells us why in this month's "Mystery Minute."

2020 has been a crazy year with lots of changes. Ch-Ch-Ch-Ch-Changes is Chris Goff's take on the Rogue changes, the landscapes, Covid and her recommendations on coping.

Former Rogue S. Lee Manning's debut novel, Trojan Horse, hits the stands in October. Read about her fifteen-year journey from idea to print, and about what comes next.

4 Winners of the top Maine Literary Award for Crime Fiction have new books out – Gerry Boyle, Richard Cass, Kate Flora, and Barbara Ross. Read all about them and check out their riveting mysteries! 

Once again Rogue Gayle Lynds hits the top of the charts at Amazon when, in a rare event THE ASSASSINS eBook goes on sale for only $1.99.  Former military spy Judd Ryder and CIA trainee Eva Blake team up to track six of the world's most lethal assassins.

And the October 2020 Rogue Recommendation is...Lisa Jewell's, The Invisible Girl. The Real Book Spy insists, "if you've already read Gone Girl and The Girl on the Train, get ready!

The Rogues announced a massive Giveaway Drawing to welcome our new members!! Since you're already receiving our newsletter, you're automatically entered. Winner will be announced November 5th.

Writer Wolf Bahren (aka Kristi Bahrenburg Janzen) joined the Rogues to tell us about her new thriller, Source of Deceit. "The Joy of Rabbit Holes" takes a deep dive into research.

The Rogues welcome one of the newest Rogue Women Writers, Carla Neggers, whose work Publishers Weekly calls "highly entertaining," and Kirkus heralds as "smart and satisfying.

"Five Classic Scary Movies for Halloween" reminds us of why we're afraid of the shower. Rogue Carla Neggers offers up her list, and the Rogues are sure you'll add a few of your own.

Here are tips for staging a "safe" Halloween - keep this for reference next year! - from Rogue Karna Small Bodman Handling Halloween.

New York Times and Amazon bestselling author, BAFTA nominee, former journalist and the writer of over fifty books, author James Swallow shares one of his secrets―finding the perfect title!

Thursday, November 5, 2020

THE ROGUE FALL GIVEAWAY WINNER IS....


Rena Koontz! 

A self-proclaimed Rogue devotee, Rena claims she "can't wait to read all of these," referencing the list of booty in the Rogue Fall Giveaway.  

These Autographed Thrillers....

Let Justice Descend by Lisa Black (not pictured)
Trust But Verify by Karna Small Bodman (audiobook)
The Kill Order by Robin Burcell
Red Sky by Chris Goff
The Freedom Broker by KJ Howe
Mosaic by Gayle Lynds
The Second Mother by Jenny Milchman
Rival’s Break by Carla Neggers
The Last Time I Saw You by Liv Constantine

Plus other writerly loot:

Rogue Women Writers coffee mug
Campbell's Soup can with a secret compartment from the Spy Museum
Red cosmetics bag
Keep Calm and Carry On coffee mug with coffee samplers
Deck of cards in autumn red
Truth detector card
Top Secret sling bag
US Capitol pencil
52 Fun Things to Do on Date Night
CIA sticker fun
The King’s Justice 

All in a leather-handled basket perfect for picking apples or reading material!

A former news reporter, Rena covered cops and courts, and "loves the suspense of a book and the gripping details of real-life crimes. I loved writing about it―then and now." 

The author of seven (soon to be eight) romantic suspense novels, it's where her inspirations come from. Her new release Locked and Loaded For Justice comes out Dec. 1. "My books are based on real crimes that I covered as a reporter. I'm your mystery/psychological suspense gal."

Congratulations, Rena! We hope you enjoy the books, and all the other booty that comes with them!! And good look with your new release!

The Rogues

Wednesday, November 4, 2020

BEYOND THE GLASS CEILING: the life and legacy of Margaret Chase Smith

by Lisa Black

In observance of election week, I again revisit a trailblazing woman of U.S. politics: Margaret Chase Smith, the first woman to serve in both the Senate and the House, who crafted the Women’s Armed Forces Integration Act, and was one of the first who dared to protest Joe McCarthy and his Red Scare tactics. 

But before that, the young woman from Maine taught grade school, worked as a telephone operator, and managed a newspaper’s circulation and the business operations of a textile mill. Then she married her husband, Clyde Smith, and joined the Republican state committee. Clyde became a U.S. Congressman; twenty years older than her and maybe a bit of a player, he died after only ten years of marriage. Margaret campaigned to take his seat and won…and kept winning until she switched to the Senate in 1948. 

Up until that same year, women served in the military only during wars (except for nurses). Opponents said that women should stay only the reserve forces ‘until their functioning during peacetime could be observed and assessed.’ The term “Reserve”” was added after ‘services’ in the Women’s Armed Services Integration Act.. But supporters rallied and global circumstances added pressure. The Soviet Union had taken over Czechoslovakia and isolated East Berlin…clearly the U.S. needed to maintain its military might but no politician had the stomach for a draft. The country couldn’t afford to pass up a source of volunteer womanpower, and the original act passed.

Two years later, still a junior senator, she sat on two committees with Joe McCarthy and didn’t care for it. First she pressed him for proof of his accusations, then, when she could stand it no longer, she first got six other senators behind her, then made a speech on the Senate floor. The Communist threat was real, she said—-but: “Those of us who shout the loudest about Americanism in making character assassinations are all too frequently those who, by our own words and acts, ignore some of the basic principles of Americanism: the right to criticize; the right to hold unpopular beliefs; the right to protest; the right to independent thought. The exercise of these rights should not cost one single American citizen his reputation or his right to a livelihood.” McCarthy got her replaced on his committee (with Richard Nixon) but not in the senate. He referred to her as ‘Snow White with her six Dwarves.’ Khrushchev called her a ‘devil in disguise,’ and he didn’t mean it as a compliment. 

Margaret took on causes large and small. Every single day she wore a rose in her lapel, continually campaigning to have the rose declared the national flower, and continually battling fellow Republican Everett Dirksen, who pushed the marigold ticket. Dirksen, for his part, was instrumental in passing the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1968; when he died in 1969, Margaret left a single marigold on his casket. (The rose eventually got the official nod in 1987, long after her retirement.)

And she was our first female presidential contender, with her name officially submitted for nomination at the 1964 Republican convention. Certain of the media never failed to point out her age at the time (66), of course without actually mentioning the unmentionable (menopause). Women were delighted to see someone break the ceiling, but Margaret—along with Henry Cabot Lodge and Nelson Rockefeller—lost. To Barry Goldwater, who then lost to Lyndon Johnson. 

She finally lost her seat in 1973 and retired. The first George Bush awarded her the Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor, in 1989. Amazing to the end, she lived to the age of 98, passing away in 1995. And if you have a green thumb you can grow a Margaret Chase Smith Rose, a combination of the hybrid tea and grandiflora with four-inch brilliant red blooms.

Who’s your favorite breaker of glass ceilings?